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Posted on 03 December 2018
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The bill of Orientation of Mobilities, more commonly called LOM, was unveiled Monday, November 26, 2018 in Council of Ministers by Elisabeth Borne, the Minister of Transport. She describes the LOM as a “toolbox” in which communities and other actors can go digging. The objective of this project is to improve the mobility of everyday life and to bring out other transport solutions than the private car.
Summary of the 15 measures defining this bill:
The LOM will simplify and expand the skills of local authorities in terms of mobility. Thus, they will be able to set up heavy services (ex: addition of a regular bus line) but also more flexible solutions such as carpooling platforms, on-demand transport services, car-sharing vehicles, etc.
The State undertakes to invest € 13.4M from 2018 to 2022 (an increase of 40% over the previous five-year period). Priority is given to daily travel such as the maintenance of roads and the rail network, the opening up of rural areas, the strengthening of the train supply and so on.
In order to improve the quality and reliability of daily journeys, investments over 10 years are planned.
The LOM provides for several massive investment programs in transport over 10 years:
New tools will be made available to people with disabilities.
Example: their escorts will be able to get free or discounted transportation tickets. Information on transport accessibility will be made public, applications will offer accessible routes etc.
In order to facilitate professional and social integration, the LOM will offer individualized support to any jobseeker. In addition, communities will be able to set up social mobility services or provide individual mobility aids for targeted audiences (young people, seniors, jobseekers, etc.).
All information regarding the transport offers will be made public and given in real time. By 2021, startups and communities will work together to offer MaaS (Mobility As A Service) services, that is to say applications allowing to combine several offers of transport (bike, train, bus for example) payable with a single ticket.
Autonomous shuttles are a real mobility solution, especially in rural areas. This is why the LOM create a legal framework to allow their circulation. Autonomous vehicles may be authorized from 2020 for collective shuttles and from 2022 for private vehicles, once international regulations have evolved.
All employers (public or private) will be able to contribute to the commuting expenses of their employees, whether by carpooling or by bike. Optional, this package is exempt from charges and taxes.
The LOM will allow communities to subsidize ridesharing offers to make them even more attractive and make them a solution in their own right. In addition, it will allow, on major highways, to set up lanes reserved for carpooling or less polluting vehicles.
Cycling is a clean and inexpensive solution that must become a full-fledged mode of travel. So, the LOM will resume the bicycle plan presented to the government last September. Among the main measures:
The LOM will supervise new self-service offers (electric cars, bicycles, scooters, …). In this way, local authorities will be able to establish a set of specifications, setting the criteria for operators to respect. : parking rules, respect for pedestrians, maintenance of equipment and removal of used equipment, etc.
The LOM will require the pre-installation of electric charging stations in all car parks with more than ten spaces in new or renovated buildings, and the equipment of all car parks with more than 20 spaces in non-residential buildings by 2025.
The LOM will deploy Low Emission Zones in voluntary communities. It is a flexible device that allows communities to limit traffic to certain polluting vehicles, according to the modalities of their choice (example: geographical perimeter, daily arrangements, timetables, etc.).
The LOM also includes the legislative provisions necessary for the driving license reform promised by Emmanuel Macron in order to reduce delays and lower the cost.
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