Initiated in 2021 by the Ministry of Ecological Transition and Territorial Cohesion, in collaboration with ADEME, the Forfait Mobilités Durables Barometer, led by Via ID, Ekodev, and OpinionWay, unveils the results of its 3rd edition. This edition provides a comprehensive perspective on the deployment of FMD within French companies in 2023, offering an assessment of progress made and challenges encountered during the implementation of this system.
To achieve this, OpinionWay interviewed 601 decision-makers responsible for mobility and transportation policies within private enterprises to identify the key drivers encouraging FMD development and observe comparable changes over a year.
Forfait Mobilités Durables Captivates French Private Employers’ Interest
One-third of surveyed employers are aware of FMD, but only 29% have implemented it. However, 36% of private sector organizations have approved its deployment in principle.
On average, half of the employees benefit from FMD according to the statements of surveyed decision-makers. The number of beneficiaries rarely decreases; it generally remains stable in most companies and even increases by 39% for some.
Companies Committed to Preserving the Purchasing Power of Their Employees
The adoption of FMD aims primarily to:
- Strengthen the purchasing power of employees.
- Address their needs.
- Encourage environmentally friendly practices, especially in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and intermediate-sized enterprises (ETIs).
According to feedback, for two-thirds of ETIs, an increase in the FMD defiscalization ceiling and simplification of its implementation are identified as crucial developments that would facilitate the deployment of the system.
What are the Preferred Modes of Transportation for Both Companies and Beneficiaries?
The eligible modes of transportation under FMD occupying the top three positions are:
2Public transportation (excluding subscriptions)
Bicycles are offered in 44% of companies, while public transportation and carpooling are tied at 36%. In 2022, carpooling surpassed public transportation by 10%.
As for the actual uses of FMD, occasional public transportation is most frequently reported by beneficiaries, followed by bicycles and personal motorized transport items such as electric scooters, electric skateboards, unicycles, and gyro-pods.
Obstacles and Reservations during Deployment
80% of companies encountered difficulties during the implementation of FMD.
Two difficulties stand out:
- Issues related to assembling documents for checks by Urssaf.
- Lack of understanding and information on the subject.
In 2022, 30% of respondents claimed to have insufficient information on the subject.
Among companies that have not deployed FMD, 40% believe the system is simply not useful. Within these companies, only 13% of decision-makers are familiar with FMD, which is one person out of 8.
Additional Measures to Support Mobility
From 2020, the Mobility Orientation Law requires companies with more than 50 employees to include a “Mobility” section in the Annual Mandatory Negotiations (NAO) with social partners. The Sustainable Mobility Package (FMD) was discussed in over half of the cases (57%) during debates on financial incentives.
Here are other optional mobility support measures commonly adopted by French companies:
- Car mileage allowances
- Fuel subsidies
- Coverage of public transportation expenses beyond the legal threshold
Note: SMEs emphasize better coverage of transportation expenses, while ETIs prefer company vehicles.